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Wild Roses: Swamp Rose

Swamp Rose

Also called the rosa palustris, it is almost exclusively found in the Eastern US, east of the Mississippi River. Pockets of it can be found in Iowa, Missouri, and Minnesota, so it is slowly making its way westwad. It's not invasive like the multiflora rose. It tends to do better in the east and southeast as it is a wetlands flower. Obviously, the Great Plains tend to be a little drier than other areas of the country!

Like the Rosa Carolina, the palustris is a subshrub. It can be recognized in nature from its hooked thorns, which can be nasty. It has a nice bloom through the spring, although not as full as some hybrid floweres. Fruit and seeds are produced in the summer. It can grow for years, up to 20 in some cases, and get up to eight feet high. As a wetlands flower, it does not do well in drought or limited watering situations.

Although it is a native flower, you can usually find the swamp rose in nurseries and some garden stores. It looks nice as a hedge or edge rose, especially on a meadow or more "wild" area. It will attract wildlife for the fruits.

Roses By Type

Wild roses, Hybrids, climbers, miniatures and more. Make some sense of the multitude of rose varieties with our handy guides.

Wild Roses
Wild or species roses. They have a natural simple beauty, with their plain 5 petal flowers and vibrant red hips.
Old Fashioned
This includes varieties such as Alba, Damask, Gallica, Hybrid Perpetual, Bourbons, Moss, and many more.
Hybrid Tea
Probably the most popular type in use today. Orignally created by crossing Hybrid Perpetuals and Tea roses.
Climbing Roses
The climbers are not a variety, they can come from different families such as HT's, Floribundas, Antiques etc.
Rambling Roses
Similar habit to the climbers, but with a few subtle (and important to remember) differences between them.
Floribunda
Well known for their prolific sprays of flowers, the floribundas are a very popular garden choice.
Ground Covers
This encompasses varieties such as the Knockout, Drift, and Star roses. Generally very easy care.
Miniatures
A great way to bring your roses indoors or onto the patio. And with a low price, you can have as many as you want!
English Roses
One of the best loved varieties, David Austin's English roses are a must have for your garden.
Shrub Roses
This class is a "catch all" for roses that just don't fit other catagories. A bit of a cop out really!
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