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Standard Roses

You may have seen these labeled as tree roses. Basically these are a grafted combination of two plants. Usually it will be a large flowering breed (hybrid tea or English) combined with a long stemmed multiflora as the base. People in milder climates may get a Dr. Huey on the bottom.

Standard Roses
A few of the standard roses and climbers in our back garden.

The term is believed to have come from 1800s England, when Victorian gardeners were first making these creations in the royal gardens. Back then they were called rose standards. This term was later reversed to be the term often heard today. They were first used before that period though, probably in the late 1700s. Besides British growers, German gardeners in the mid to late 1800s also grew them extensively. Today you'll find the English David Austin varieties remain very popular for these.

Use these rose to give your garden a variety of height. They can look very impressive when mixed in with some tightly manicured small shrubs or groundcovers. You can plant them in rows along a walkway, or are great for a lawn where a typical tree would be too big or unwieldy.

Most standards go from about four to six feet high. Recently, there has been an influx of dwarf varieties, which only get about 12 inches high or so. I'm not quite sure what the point of those are, but evidently some gardeners like them!

The issue with standard roses is that the grafting can make them weak. Specifically, winterizing is the main problem. Any climates where the temperature will drop below 0 F or so will be a problem for these. Unless you have indoor storage or can fully cover them, they might not survive the harshest winters. In most cases, they are best left for a mild or warm-weather clime.

Roses By Type

Wild roses, Hybrids, climbers, miniatures and more. Make some sense of the multitude of rose varieties with our handy guides.

Wild Roses
Wild or species roses. They have a natural simple beauty, with their plain 5 petal flowers and vibrant red hips.
Old Fashioned
This includes varieties such as Alba, Damask, Gallica, Hybrid Perpetual, Bourbons, Moss, and many more.
Hybrid Tea
Probably the most popular type in use today. Orignally created by crossing Hybrid Perpetuals and Tea roses.
Climbing Roses
The climbers are not a variety, they can come from different families such as HT's, Floribundas, Antiques etc.
Rambling Roses
Similar habit to the climbers, but with a few subtle (and important to remember) differences between them.
Floribunda
Well known for their prolific sprays of flowers, the floribundas are a very popular garden choice.
Ground Covers
This encompasses varieties such as the Knockout, Drift, and Star roses. Generally very easy care.
Miniatures
A great way to bring your roses indoors or onto the patio. And with a low price, you can have as many as you want!
English Roses
One of the best loved varieties, David Austin's English roses are a must have for your garden.
Shrub Roses
This class is a "catch all" for roses that just don't fit other catagories. A bit of a cop out really!
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