There are two main ways to buy new roses. Bare root, and potted. While it's tempting to think the only difference is that one has soild around the roots and the other does't, and therefore treat and plant them the same way, this isn't entirely true. if I'm totally honest, I often get lazy, dig a hole and stick them in, but I always feel guilty afterwards.
Having said that, I have to admit that if I spend a few extra minutes doing the job properly, I get the benefits. Roses that just seem to be "better doers", versus ones that never seem to take off and do well. It really is worth giving your plants that bit of a headstart in life. They will replay you with stronger plants and more/bigger blooms!
Pick a sunny spot where the rose plant will be in direct sunlight for more than four hours a day. Rose hedges may even need a little more. Roses are a reasonably thirsty plant but you do not want the soil to be soggy. That is why raised beds work well for roses so you are able to control the moisture level.
Another plus in platform growing is in controlling the weed population. For fertilizer I use manure humus, although you may find peat or compost to do the job as sufficiently. Leave space free of mulch surrounding the plant to prevent damage to your beauties.
Potted Roses. You can pretty much plant these any time of year, with spring being the optimum time. However, if you plant them during summer, then no harm done. However I would avoid the coldest months.
Bare Root Roses. These are best planted just as the roses are about to move from their dormant stage. So, last month of winter, first month of spring should be about right. If you are just beginning to see swelling on the buds, then it's time to plant!
At first glance, bare root roses will seem like they are completely dead. The stems will look lifeless and dormant and the roots will usually look brown as well. Many growers, even beginners, can have success with these. The advantages to planting this way is that you can avoid any issues with transplant shock. It some cases its also easier than using cuttings.
Check your shipment as soon as they arrive. Don't be surprised when you see something that looks like a pile of sticks and roots. You'll want to look out for any black roots or canes that may be splintered and broken. Be sure to prune off these pieces. You don't want rot or disease to spread. Then submerge your whole plant in a tub of cold water for 24 hours. It's important to hydrate and remember that this has been in transit for a day or more already. You'll want to plant the roses immediately. If that is not possible, keep the roots covered in moist soil.
There are a few videos on youtube that show the correct way to plant both bare root and potted roses. These two give the information in a clear and easy to understand fashion.
Planting Bare Root Roses
Planting Potted Roses
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